Right to Know






WHEREAS, MONROEVILLE MUNICIPAL AUTHORITY deems it in the health, safety and general welfare to establish rules and regulations to implement the Pennsylvania "Right to Know Law" and provide for exemptions to the "Right to Know Law".





The Authority recognizes the importance of public records as the record of the Authority's actions and the repository of information about this Authority.  The public has the right to access and procure copies of public records, with certain exceptions, subject to law, Authority policy and administrative regulations.


2. DEFINITIONS – 65 P.S. Sec. 67.102:

Financial record – any account, voucher or contract dealing with the receipt or disbursement of funds or acquisition, use or disposal of services, supplies, materials, equipment or property; or the salary or other payments or expenses paid to an officer or employee, including the individual's name and title; and a financial audit report, excluding the audit's underlying work papers.

Public Record – a record, including a financial record, that is not protected by a defined privilege or is not exempt from being disclosed under one of the exemptions in Pennsylvania's Right-to-Know Law or under other federal or state law or regulation, or judicial decree or order.

Record – information, regardless of physical form or characteristics, that documents an Authority transaction or activity and is created, received or retained pursuant to law or in connection with an Authority transaction, business or activity, including: a document; paper; letter; map; book; tape; photograph; film or sound recording; information stored or maintained electronically; and a data-processed or image-processed document.

Response – the Authority's notice informing a requester of a granting of access to a record or the Authority's written notice to a requester granting, denying, or partially granting and partially denying access to a requested record.

Requester – a legal resident of the United States, or an agency, who requests access to a record.


3. AUTHORITY – 65 P.S. Sec. 67.302, 67.305, 67, 504 and 67.701:

The Authority shall make the Authority's public records available for access and duplication to a requester, in accordance with law, Authority policy and administrative regulations.



A. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.502:

The Authority shall designate an Open Records Officer, who shall be responsible to:

1. Receive written requests for access to records submitted to the Authority.

2. Review and respond to written requests in accordance with law, Authority policy and administrative regulations.

3. Direct requests to other appropriate individuals in the Authority or in another agency.

4. Track the Authority's progress in responding to requests.

5. Issue interim and final responses to submitted requests.

6. Maintain a log of all record requests and their disposition.

7. Ensure Authority staff are trained to perform assigned job functions relative to requests for access to records.


B. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.502, 67.901 and 67.1101:

Upon receiving a request for access to a record, the Open Records Officer shall:

1. Note the date of receipt on the written request.

2. Compute and note on the written request the day on which the five-day period for response will expire.

3. Maintain an electronic or paper copy of the written request, including all documents submitted with the request, until the request has been fulfilled.

4. If the written request is denied, maintain the written request for thirty (30) days or, if an appeal is filed, until a final determination is issued or the appeal is deemed denied.




A. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.701:

Requesters may access and procure copies of the public records of the Authority during the regular business hours of the administration offices.

A requester's right of access does not include the right to remove a record from the control or supervision of the Open Records Officer.


B. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.302:

The Authority shall not limit the number of records requested.


C. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.705:

When responding to a request for access, the Authority is not required to create a record that does not exist nor to compile, maintain, format or organize a record in a manner which the Authority does not currently use.


D. 42 U.S.C. Sec. 12132, 28 CFR Sec. 35.160, 35.164:

Information shall be made available to individuals with disabilities in an appropriate format, upon request and with sufficient advance notice.


E. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.504, 67.505:

The Authority shall post at the administration office and on the Authority's website, if the Authority maintains a website, the following information:

1. Contact information for the Open Records Officer.

2. Contact information for the State's Office of Open Records or other applicable appeals officer.

3. The form to be used to file a request, with a notation that the State Office of Open Records form may also be used if the Authority decides to create its own form.4. Authority policy, administrative regulations and procedures governing requests for access to the Authority's public records.




1. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.504, 67.505 & 67.703:

a. A written request for access to a public record shall be submitted on the required form(s) and addressed to the Open Records Officer.

b. Written requests may be submitted to the Authority in person, by mail, to a designated facsimile machine, and to a designated email address.


2. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.701, 67.703:

Each request must include the following information:

a. Identification or description of the requested record, in sufficient detail.

b. Medium in which the record is requested.

c. Name and address of the individual to receive the Authority's response.


3. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.703:

a. The Authority shall not require an explanation of the reason for the request or the intended use of the requested record, unless otherwise required by law.


G. FEES – 65 P.S. Sec. 67.1307:

1. Except for the duplication fee established by the state, the Authority will approve a list of reasonable fees relative to requests for public records.  The Authority shall maintain a list of applicable fees and disseminate the list to requesters.

2. No fee may be imposed for review of a record to determine whether the record is subject to access under law.

3. Prior to granting access, the Authority may require prepayment of estimated fees when the fees required to fulfill the request are expected to exceed $100.00.

4. The Manager may waive duplication fees when the requester duplicates the record or the Manager deems it is in the public interest to do so.



1. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.502, 67.702:

a. Authority employees shall be directed to immediately forward requests for access to public records to the Open Records Officer.


2. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.901:

a. Upon receipt of a written request for access to a record, the Open Records Officer shall determine if the requested record is a public record and if the Authority has possession, custody or control of that record.

b. The Open Records Officer shall respond as promptly as possible under the existing circumstances, and the initial response time shall not exceed five (5) business days from the date the written request is received by the Open Records Officer.

c. The initial response shall grant access to the requested record; deny access to the requested record; partially grant and partially deny access to the requested record; notify the requester of the need for an extension of time to fully respond; or request more detail from the requester to clearly identify the requested material.

d. If the Authority fails to respond to a request within five (5) business days of receipt, the request for access shall be deemed denied.


I. EXTENSION OF TIME – 65 P.S. Sec. 67.901, 67.902:

1. If the Open Records Officer determines that an extension of time is required to respond to a request, in accordance with the factors stated in law, written notice shall be sent within five (5) business days of receipt of request.  The notice shall indicate that the request for access is being reviewed, the reason that the review requires an extension, a reasonable date when the response is expected, and an estimated of applicable fees owed when the record becomes available.

2. Upon a thirty (30) day extension for one (1) of the listed reasons does not require the consent of the requester.  If the response is not given by the specified date, it shall be deemed denied on the day following that date.

3. A requester may consent in writing to an extension that exceeds thirty (30) days, in which case the request shall be deemed denied on the day following the date specified in the notice if the Open Records Officer has not provided a response by that date.



1. If the Open Records Officer determines that the request will be granted, the response shall inform the requester that access is granted and either include information on the regular business hours of the administration office, provided electronic access, or state where the requester may go to inspect the records or information electronically at a publically accessible site.  The response shall include a copy of the fee schedule in effect, a statement that prepayment of fees is required in a specified amount if access to the records will cost in excess of $100.00, and the medium in which the records will be provided.


2. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.701:

a. A public record shall be provided to the requester in the medium requested if it exists in that form; otherwise, it shall be provided in its existing medium.  However, the Authority is not required to permit use of its computers.


3. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.701, 67.704:

a. The Open Records Officer may respond to a records request by notifying the requester that the record is available through publicly accessibly electronic means or that the Authority shall provide access to inspect the record electronically.  If the requester, within thirty (30) days following receipt of the Authority's notice, submits a written request to have the record converted to paper, the Authority shall provide access in printed form within five (5) days of receipt of the request for conversion to paper.


4. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.506:

a. A public record that the Authority does not possess but is possessed by a third party with whom the Authority has contracted to perform a governmental function and which directly relates to that governmental function shall be considered a public record of the Authority.  When the Authority contracts with such a third party, the Authority shall require the contractor to agree in writing to comply with requests for such records and to provide the Authority with the requested record in a timely manner to allow the Authority to comply with law.


5. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.706:

a. If the Open Records Officer determines that a public record contains information both subject to and not subject to access, the Open Records Officer shall grant access to the information subject to access and deny access to the information not subject to access.  The Open Records Officer shall redact from the record the information that is not subject to access.  The Open Records Officer shall not deny access to a record if information is able to be redacted.


6. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.905:

a. If the Open Records Officer responds to a requester that a copy of the requested record is available for delivery at the administration office and the requester does not retrieve the record within sixty (60) days of the Authority's response, the Authority shall dispose of the copy and retain any fees unpaid to date.




1. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.707:

a. When the Authority produces a record that is not a public record in response to a request, the Open Records Officer shall notify any third party that provided the record to the Authority, the person that is the subject of the record, and the requester.

b. The Open Records Officer shall notify a third party of record request if the requested record contains a trade secret or confidential proprietary information, in accordance with law and administrative regulations.


L. DENIAL OF REQUEST - 65 P.S. Sec. 67.901, 67.903:

1. If the Open Record Officer denies a request for access to a record, whether in whole or in part, a written response shall be sent within five (5) business days of receipt of the request.  The response denying the request shall include the following:

a. Description of the record requested.

b. Specific reasons for denial, including a citation of supporting legal authority.

c. Name, title, business address, business telephone number, and signature of the Open Records Officer on whose authority the denial is issued.

d. Date of the response.

e. Procedure for the requester to appeal a denial of access.


2. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.506:

a. The Open Records Officer may deny a request for access to a record if the requester has made repeated requests for that same record and the repeated requests have placed an unreasonable burden on the Authority.

b. The Open Records Officer may deny a request for access to a record when timely access is not possible due to a disaster, or when access may cause physical damage or irreparable harm to the record.  To the extent possible, a record's contents shall be made accessible even when the record is physically unavailable.


3. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.706, 67.903:

a. Information that is not subject to access and is redacted from a public record shall be deemed a denial.


4. 65 P.S. Sec. 67.1101:

a. If a written request for access to a record is denied or deemed denied, the requester may file an appeal with the state's Office of Open Records within fifteen (15) business days of the mailing date of the Open Records Officer's response or deemed denial.



The following public records shall be maintained by the school Authority for the length of time listed below:

Accident/Incident Reports Authority 7 years

Activity Account Records Authority 7 years

Architect Contracts Authority 10 years

Audit Reports Authority 10 years

Bank Statements & Canceled Checks Authority 7 years

Construction Contracts Authority 10 years

Contracts with a Value of more than $100,000 5 years after termination

Deeds, Real Estate Sales Agreement and Other Documents Permanent defining any interest of the Authority covering its interest in real property

EEOC Reports Authority 3 years

Insurance Policies Authority 20 years

Inventory – Equipment Authority 2 years

Notes, Mortgages and Bonds Authority Permanent

Personnel Records Authority Permanent

Purchase Orders/Invoices Authority 7 years

Time Cards Authority Permanent

No public record may be removed from the control or supervision of the designated custodian.


Right-to-Know Law           65 P.S. Section 67.101 et seq.

Americans with Disabilities Act – 42 U.S.C. Sec. 12101, et seq.

Accessibility to Communications, Title 28, Code of Federal Regulations – 28 CFR Sec. 35.160, 35.164

Authority Policy



To determine if a requested record is exempt from access, the Open Records Officer will consider and apply each exemption separately.

The following records are exempt from public access by a requester in accordance with the Right-To-Know Law.



A. When the disclosure of a record would result in the Authority’s loss of federal or state funds or would reasonably be likely to result in a substantial and demonstrable risk of physical harm to or personal security of an individual.


A. When the disclosure of a record maintained in connection with the military, homeland security, national defense, law enforcement or other public safety activity would reasonably be likely to jeopardize or threaten public safety or public protection activity, or a record that is designated classified by an appropriate federal or state military authority.


A. When the disclosure of a record creates a reasonable likelihood of endangering the safety or physical security of a building, public utility, resource, infrastructure, facility, or information storage system, which may include:

1. Documents or date relating to computer hardware; source files; software; and system networks that could jeopardize computer security by exposing a vulnerability in preventing, protecting against, mitigating or responding to a terrorist act.

2. List of infrastructure, resources and significant special events, including those defined by the Federal government in the National Infrastructures Protections, that are deemed critical due to their nature and result from risk analysis; threat assessments; consequences assessments; antiterrorism protective measures and plans; counterterrorism measures and plans; and security needs assessments.

3. Building plans or infrastructure records that expose or create vulnerability through disclosure of the location, configuration or security of critical systems, including public utility systems; structural elements; technology; communication; electrical; fire suppression; ventilation; water; wastewater; sewage; and gas systems.



A. When the disclosure of record regarding computer hardware, software and networks, including administrative and technical records, would reasonably be likely to jeopardize computer security.



A. When the disclosure of a record of an individual’s medical, psychiatric or psychological history or disability status, including an evaluation; consultation; prescription; diagnosis or treatment; results of tests, to include drug tests; enrollment in a health care program or program designed for participation by persons with disabilities, including vocational rehabilitation; worker’s compensation and unemployment compensation; or related information would disclose individually identifiable health information.



A. Disclosure of the following personal identification information:

1. A record containing all or part of an individual’s Social Security number; driver’s license; driver’s license number; personal financial information home, cellular or personal telephone numbers; personal e-mail addresses; employee number or other confidential personal identification number.

2. A spouse’s name, marital status, beneficiary or dependent information.

3. The home address of a law enforcement officer or judge.

B. Personal information that must be disclosed includes the name; position; salary; actual compensation or other payments or expenses; employment contract; employment-related contract or agreement; and length of service of a public official or Authority employee.

C. The Open Records Officer may redact from a record the name or other indentifying information relating to an individual performing an undercover or covert law enforcement activity.



A. Disclosure of the following records relating to an Authority employee:

1. A  letter of reference or recommendation pertaining to the character or qualifications of an identifiable individual, unless it was prepared in relation to the appointment of an individual to fill a vacancy in an elected office or an appointed office requiring Senate confirmation.

2. A performance rating or review.

3. The result of a civil service or similar test administered by a Commonwealth agency, legislative agency or judicial agency. The result of a civil service or similar test administered by a local agency shall not be disclosed if restricted by a collective bargaining agreement.  Only test scores of individuals who obtained a passing score on a test administered by a local agency may be disclosed.

4. The employment application of an individual who is not hired by the Authority.

5. Workplace support services information.

6. Written criticisms of an Authority employee.

7. Grievance material, including documents related to discrimination or sexual harassment.

8. Information regarding discipline, demotion or discharge contained in a personnel file, except information that applies to the Authority’s final action that results in demotion or discharge.



A. Labor Relations/Negotiations/Arbitration. Disclosure of a record pertaining to strategy or negotiations relating to labor relations or collective bargaining and related arbitration proceedings. In the case of the  arbitration of a dispute or grievance under a collective bargaining agreement, disclosure of an exhibit entered into evidence at an arbitration proceeding or a transcript of the arbitration or the opinion.

B. This exemption does not apply to a final or executed contract or agreement between the parties in a collective bargaining agreement, or to the final award or order of an arbitrator in a dispute or grievance procedure.



A. Disclosure of the draft of a bill, resolution, regulation, statement of policy, management directive, or ordinance, or their amendments, prepared by or for the Authority.



A. Disclosure of a record that reflects:

1. The internal, predecisional deliberations of the Authority, its Authority members, employees or officials, or predecisional deliberations between Authority members, employees, or officials and members, employees or officials of another agency, including predecisional deliberations relating to a budget recommendation; legislative proposal; legislative amendment; contemplated or proposed policy or course of action; or any research, memos or other documents used in the predecisional deliberations, subject to law governing open meetings.

Public records do include a record of any of the above that is not exempt from access by law and which is presented to a quorum for deliberation in accordance with law governing open meetings; a written or Internet application or document that has been submitted to request Commonwealth funds; and the results of public opinion surveys, polls, focus groups, marketing research or similar efforts designed to measure public opinion.

2. The strategy to be used to develop or achieve the successful adoption of a budget, legislative proposal or regulation.



A. Disclosure of a record that constitutes or reveals a trade secret or confidential proprietary information.



A. Disclosure of notes and working papers prepared by or for a Authority public official or employee use solely for that official’s or employee’s own personal use, including telephone message slips; routing slips; and other materials that do not have an official purpose.



A. Disclosure of records that would disclose the identity of an individual who lawfully makes a donation to the Authority, unless the donation is intended for or restricted to providing remuneration or personal tangible benefit to a Authority public official or employee, including lists of potential donors compiled by the Authority to pursue donations; donor profile informational; or personal identifying information relating to a donor.



A. Disclosure of a record of the Authority or an agency relating to or resulting in a criminal investigation, including:

1. Complaints of potential criminal conduct other than a private criminal complaint.

2. Investigative materials, notes, correspondence, videos and reports.

3. A record that includes the identity of a confidential source or of a suspect who has not been charged with an offense to whom confidentiality has been promised.

4. A record that includes information made confidential by law or court order.

5. Victim information, including any information that would jeopardize the safety of a victim.

6. A record that if disclosed would reveal the institution, progress or result of a criminal investigation, except the filing of criminal charges; deprive an individual of the right to a fair trial or impartial adjudication; impair the ability to locate a defendant or codefendant; hinder an agency’s ability to secure a arrest, prosecution or conviction; or endanger the life or physical safety of an individual.


B. This exemption does not apply to information contained in a police blotter as defined in law and utilize or maintained by the State Police, local, campus, transit or port authority police department or other law enforcement agency, or in a traffic report except as provided by law.



A. Disclosure of a Authority record relating to a noncriminal investigation, including:

1. Complaints submitted to the Authority.

2. Investigative materials, notes, correspondence and reports.

3. A record that includes the identity of a confidential source, including individuals subject to the Whistleblower Law.

4. A record that includes information made confidential by law.

5. Work papers underlying an audit.

6. A record that if disclosed would reveal the institution, progress or result of a Authority investigation, except the imposition of a fine or civil penalty; the suspension, modification or revocation of a license, permit, registration, certification or similar authorization issued by an agency or an executed settlement unless the agreement is determined to be confidential by a court; deprive a person of the right to an impartial adjudication; constitute an unwarranted invasion of privacy; hinder an agency’s ability to secure and administrative or civil sanction; or endanger the life or physical safety of an individual.



A. Disclosure of records or parts of records, except time response logs, pertaining to audio recordings, telephone or radio transmissions received by emergency dispatch personnel, including 911 recordings, unless the agency or a court determines that the public interest in disclosure outweighs the interest in nondisclosure.


17. DNA/RNA:

A. Disclosure of DNA and RNA records.



A. Disclosure of specific records and reports of a coroner or medical examiner.



A. Disclosure of draft minutes of any School Authority meeting until the next regularly scheduled Authority meeting, minutes of an executive session, and any record of discussions held in executive session.



A. Disclosure of the contents of real estate appraisal, engineering or feasibility estimate, environmental reviews, audits or evaluations made for or by the Authority relative to the leasing, acquiring, or disposing of real property or an interest in real property; the purchase of public supplies or equipment included in the real estate transaction; and construction projects.


B. This exemption does not apply to the documents listed above once the decision is made to proceed with the lease, acquisition or disposal of real property or an interest in real property, the purchase of public supplies, or a construction project.



A. Disclosure of the library and archive circulation and order records of an identifiable individual or groups of individuals.



A. Disclosure of a record identifying the location of an archeological site or an endangered or threatened plant or animal species if not already known to the general public.



A. Disclosure of a proposal pertaining to Authority procurement or disposal of supplies, service or construction prior to the award of the contract or prior to the opening and rejection of all bids; financial information of a bidder or offerer requested in  an invitation for bid or request for proposals to demonstrate the bidder’s or offerer’s economic capability; or the identify of members, notes and other records of Authority proposal evaluation committees established under law relating to competitive sealed proposals.



A. Disclosure of a record or information relating to a communication between the Authority and its insurance carrier, administrative service organization or risk management office.

B. This exemption does not apply to a contract with an insurance carrier, administrative service organization or risk management office, or to financial records relating to the provision of insurance.



A. Disclosure of a record or information identifying an individual who applies for or receives social services, the type of social services received by an individual, an individual’s application to receive social services, or eligibility to receive social services.



A. Disclosure of correspondence between an individual and member of the General Assembly and records accompanying the correspondence that would identify an individual requesting assistance or constituent services, except for correspondence between a member of the General Assembly and a principal or lobbyist under law.




1. The listed exemptions do not apply to financial records, except that the Open Records Officer shall redact the portions of a financial record protected under exemptions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 16, or 17.



1. The listed exemptions do not apply to aggregated data maintained or received by the Authority, except for data protected under exemptions, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5.



1. The Open Records Officer will not disclose the identity of an individual performing an undercover or covert law enforcement activity.



If any section, clause, provision or portion of this Resolution shall be held invalid or unconstitutional by any court of competent jurisdiction, such decision shall not affect any other section, clause, provision or portion of this Resolution so long as it remains legally enforceable minus the invalid portion. 



This Resolution shall become effective immediately upon approval.



The proper Authority officials are authorized and directed to execute any and all documents necessary to affect this Resolution.



Contact information for the MMA Open Records Officer:

James Hunter
General Manager
219 Speelman Lane
Monroeville, PA  15146


Contact information for the State's Office of Open Records or other applicable appeals officer:

Terry Mutchler, Executive Director
Office of Open Records,
Commonwealth Keystone Building
400 North Street, 4th Floor
Harrisburg, PA 17120



The form to be used to file a request.

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